A simplified radical expression does not contain any radicals in the denominator. The process we use to clear a denominator of its radical is known as rationalizing the denominator. We rationalize the denominator by multiplying the numerator and denominator by a radical that will transform the denominator into a rational number. In some cases, we will face a two-term denominator that contains radicals. For this scenario, we can’t use the same methods from rationalizing with a single-term radical in the denominator. To rationalize a binomial denominator, we multiply numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator.

Test Objectives
• Demonstrate an understanding of the rules for simplifying a radical
• Demonstrate the ability to rationalize a denominator with a square root
• Demonstrate the ability to rationalize a denominator with a higher level root
• Demonstrate the ability to rationalize a binomial denominator
Rationalizing Denominators Practice Test:

#1:

Instructions: Simplify each.

Assume all variables are positive real numbers.

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{2\sqrt{5}}{4\sqrt{2}}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{5\sqrt{2}}{5\sqrt{5}}$$

#2:

Instructions: Simplify each.

Assume all variables are positive real numbers.

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{4 - 4\sqrt{2x^3}}{4\sqrt{20x^3}}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{4 + 3\sqrt{2x^3}}{4\sqrt{3x}}$$

#3:

Instructions: Simplify each.

Assume all variables are positive real numbers.

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{2 \sqrt{3x^2y}- 3\sqrt{3x^3y^2}}{4\sqrt{13xy^3}}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{5x}{3\sqrt{3x^3}- 2\sqrt{3x}}$$

#4:

Instructions: Simplify each.

Assume all variables are positive real numbers.

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{4}{5\sqrt{5x^3}+ 3\sqrt{2x^3}}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{-4 + 5x}{5\sqrt{12x^4}}$$

#5:

Instructions: Simplify each.

Assume all variables are positive real numbers.

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{-5 + 5 \sqrt{x^3}}{4\sqrt{12x^3}}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{-4 + 3x^2}{2x + 2\sqrt{3x}}$$

Written Solutions:

#1:

Solutions:

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{\sqrt{10}}{4}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{\sqrt{10}}{5}$$

#2:

Solutions:

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{\sqrt{5x}- x^2\sqrt{10}}{10x^2}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{4\sqrt{3x}+ 3x^2\sqrt{6}}{12x}$$

#3:

Solutions:

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{2\sqrt{39x}- 3x\sqrt{39y}}{52y}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{5\sqrt{3x}}{9x - 6}$$

#4:

Solutions:

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{20\sqrt{5x}- 12\sqrt{2x}}{107x^2}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{-4\sqrt{18x^2}+ 5x\sqrt{18x^2}}{30x^2}$$

#5:

Solutions:

$$a)\hspace{.2em}\frac{-5\sqrt{108x}+ 5x\sqrt{108}}{24x}$$

$$b)\hspace{.2em}\frac{3x^3 - 3x^2\sqrt{3x}- 4x + 4\sqrt{3x}}{2x^2 - 6x}$$